top of page
color-2174045.png

Optics Specifications and Standards

Standard - An established norm or requirement in regard to technical or administrative systems. It is usually a formal document that establishes uniform engineering or technical criteria, methods, processes, and practices. A technical standard may be developed privately or unilaterally, for example, by a corporation, regulatory body, military, etc. Standards can also be developed by groups such as trade unions and trade associations. (From Wikipedia).

Specification - A set of documented requirements to be satisfied by a material, design, product, or service. A specification is often a type of technical standard. There are different types of technical or engineering specifications (specs), and the term is used differently in different technical contexts. They often refer to particular documents and/or particular information within them. (From Wikipedia).

MIL-Standard (MIL-STD) - A United States defense standard. It is used to help achieve standardization objectives by the U.S. Department of Defense. Defense standards are also used by other non-defense government organizations, technical organizations, and industry. (From Wikipedia).

MIL-Specification (MIL-Spec) - A document that describes the essential technical requirements for military-unique materiel or substantially modified commercial items. (From Wikipedia).

MIL-PRF (Performance Specification) - A performance specification states requirements in terms of the required results with criteria for verifying compliance but without stating the methods for achieving the required results. A performance specification defines the functional requirements for the item, the environment in which it must operate, and interface and interchangeability characteristic. (From Wikipedia).

Military Specification, Standards and Handbooks

All Military Specifications and Standards and Handbooks are free to download at: http://everyspec.com/

  • MIL-C-675C – Coating of Glass Optical Elements (Anti-Reflection) – 22 August 1980.

  • MIL-C-14806A – Coating, Reflection Reducing, for Instrument Cover Glasses and Lighting Wedges – 12 June 1969.

  • MIL-C-48497A – Coating, Single or Multilayer, Interference: Durability Requirements for.

  • MIL-F-48616 – Filter (Coating), Infrared Interference: General Requirements – 29 July, 1997.

  • MIL-M-13508C – Mirror, Front Surfaced Aluminized: for Optical Elements – 19 March, 1973.

  • MIL-O-13830A – Optical Components for Fire Control Instruments; General Specification Governing the Manufacture, Assembly, and Inspection of – 11 September, 1963.

  • MIL-PRF-13830B - Optical Components for Fire Control Instruments; General Specification Governing the Manufacture, Assembly, and Inspection of – 9 January, 1997.

  • MIL-G-174B – Glass, Optical – 5 December, 1986.

  • MIL-E-12397B – Eraser, Rubber-Pumice (For Testing Coated Optical Elements) – 18, November, 1954.

  • MIL-B-48612A – Bonding With Epoxy-Elastomeric Adhesive System, Glass to Metal - 20 March, 1987.

  • MIL-A-48611A – Adhesive System, Epoxy-Elastomeric, for Glass to Metal – 30 March, 1981.

  • MIL-A-3920C – Adhesive, Optical, Thermosetting – 21 February, 1977.

  • CCC-C-440E – Cloth, Cheesecloth, Cotton, Bleached and Unbleached – 15 June, 1976.

  • A-A-50177B – Commercial Item Description – Paper, Lens – 19 March, 2007.

  • MIL-STD-34 – Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Optical Systems; General Requirements for – 2 November, 1960.

  • MIL-STD-150A – Photographic Lenses – 12 May, 1959.

  • MIL-STD-1241A – Optical Terms and Definitions – 31 March, 1967.

  • MIL-HDBK-141 – Military Standardization Handbook, Optical Design – 5 October, 1962.

  • MIL-STD-810H – Department of Defence – Environmental Engineering Consideration and Laboratory Tests – 31 January 2019.

Civilian Standards

Civilian standards (ISO, ANSI, IEC) are revised every few years so stay informed about new versions. Sometimes the changes are important for standards users. 

ISO standards

ISO is an International Organization for Standardization. ISO is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 165 national standards bodies. Any standard mentioned below can be bought at ISO Store on Webstore: https://www.iso.org/store.html
 

IEC is an International Electrotechnical Commission – an International Standards and Conformity Assessment for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. Any IEC standard can be bought at its Webstore:  https://webstore.iec.ch/publication/3587

ISO 10110 “Optics and photonics — Preparation of drawings for optical elements and systems” 

  • Part 1 (2019) - ''General'' (previous editions: 2006, 1996) [(Part 10 (2004) was revised and unified with Part 1]

  • Part 5 (2015) - ''Surface form tolerances'' (previous editions: 2007, 1996)

  • Part 6 (2015) - ''Centring tolerances'' (previous edition: 1996)

  • Part 7 (2017) - ''Surface imperfection tolerances'' (previous editions: 2008, 1996)

  • Part 8 (2019) - ''Surface texture'' (previous editions: 2010, 1997)

  • Part 9 (2016) - ''Surface treatment and coating'' (previous edition: 1996)

  • Part 11 (2016) - ''Non-toleranced data'' (previous edition: 1996)

  • Part 12 (2019) - ''Aspheric surfaces'' (previous editions: 2007, 1997)

  • Part 14 (2018) - ''Wavefront deformation tolerance'' (previous editions: 2007, 2003)

  • Part 17 (2004) - ''Laser irradiation damage threshold''

  • Part 18 (2018) - ''Stress birefringence, bubbles and inclusions, homogeneity, and striae'' [(Part 18 replaced previous Part 2 (1996), Part 3 (1996) and Part 4 (1997)]

  • Part 19 (2015) - ''General description of surfaces and components''

ISO 9211 for Optical Coatings. This series include 8 standards for optical coatings:

  • ISO 9211-1:2018 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 1: Vocabulary

  • ISO 9211-2:2010 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 2: Optical properties

  • ISO 9211-3:2008 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings – Part 3: Environmental durability

  • ISO 9211-4:2012 (R2018) - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 4: Specific test methods

  • ISO 9211-5:2018 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 5: Minimum requirements for antireflecting coatings

  • ISO 9211-6:2018 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 6: Minimum requirements for reflecting coatings

  • ISO 9211-7:2018 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 7: Minimum requirements for neutral beam splitter coatings

  • ISO 9211-8:2018 - Optics and photonics - Optical coatings - Part 8: Minimum requirements for coatings used for laser optics

ISO 9022 for Optical Coatings. This series include 15 standards for Environmental test methods (missing numbers were revised by numbers 22 and 23):

  • ISO 9022-1:2016 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 1: Definitions, extent of testing

  • ISO 9022-2:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 2: Cold, heat and humidity

  • ISO 9022-3:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 3: Mechanical stress

  • ISO 9022-4:2014 (R 2019) - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 4: Salt mist

  • ISO 9022-6:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 6: Dust

  • ISO 9022-7:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 7: Resistance to drip or rain

  • ISO 9022-8:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 8: High internal pressure, low internal pressure, immersion

  • ISO 9022-9:2016 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 9: Solar radiation and weathering

  • ISO 9022-11:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 11: Mould growth

  • ISO 9022-12:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 12: Contamination

  • ISO 9022-14:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 14: Dew, hoarfrost, ice

  • ISO 9022-17:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 17: Combined contamination, solar radiation

  • ISO 9022-20:2015 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 20: Humid atmosphere containing sulfur dioxide or hydrogen sulfide

  • ISO 9022-22:2012 (R 2017) - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 22: Combined cold, dry heat or temperature change with bump or random vibration

  • ISO 9022-23:2016 - Optics and photonics - Environmental test methods - Part 23: Low pressure combined with cold, ambient temperature and dry or damp heat

 

Laser Irradiation Damage Threshold (LIDT) standards

  • ISO 11145:2018 - Optics and photonics — Lasers and laser-related equipment — Vocabulary and symbols

  • ISO 11146-1:2005 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for laser beam widths, divergence angles and beam propagation ratios — Part 1: Stigmatic and simple astigmatic beams. (This standard was last revised and confirmed in 2013. Therefore this version remains current).

  • ISO 11151-1:2015 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Standard optical components — Part 1: Components for the UV, visible and near-infrared spectral ranges

  • ISO 11151-2:2015 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Standard optical components — Part 2: Components for the infrared spectral range

  • ISO 11254-1:2000 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Determination of laser-induced damage threshold of optical surfaces — Part 1: 1-on-1 test (withdrawn) - This standard has been revised by ISO 21254-1:2011 and ISO 21254-2:2011

  • ISO 11254-2:2001 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Determination of laser-induced damage threshold of optical surfaces — Part 2: S-on-1 test (withdrawn) - This standard has been revised by ISO 21254-1:2011 and ISO 21254-2:2011

  • ISO 21254-3:2006 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Determination of laser-induced damage threshold of optical surfaces — Part 3: Assurance of laser power (energy) handling capabilities (withdrawn) - This standard has been revised by ISO 21254-3:2011

  • ISO 21254-1:2011 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for laser-induced damage threshold — Part 1: Definitions and general principles. (This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2015. Therefore this version remains current). This standard replaced ISO 11254-1.

  • ISO 21254-2:2011 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for laser-induced damage threshold — Part 2: Threshold determination. (This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2015. Therefore this version remains current). This standard replaced ISO 11254-2.

  • ISO 11670:2003 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for laser beam parameters — Beam positional stability.

  • ISO 13694:2018 - Optics and photonics — Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for laser beam power (energy) density distribution.

  • ISO 15367-1:2003 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for determination of the shape of a laser beam wavefront — Part 1: Terminology and fundamental aspects.

  • ISO 12005:2003 - Lasers and laser-related equipment — Test methods for laser beam parameters — Polarization. (This standard was last reviewed and confirmed in 2013. Therefore this version remains current).

Laser Safety Standards

  • ISO 11553-1:2020 - Safety of machinery — Laser processing machines — Part 1: Laser safety requirements

  • IEC 60825-1 Ed. 3.0 b:2014 Third Edition: Safety of Laser Products - Part 1: Equipment Classification and Requirements by IEC, Webstore:  https://webstore.iec.ch/publication/3587

ANSI Standards

ANSI is the American National Standards Institute, a private non-profit organization that oversees the development of voluntary consensus standards for products, services, processes, systems, and personnel in the United States. Any ANSI standards can be bought at its Webstore: https://webstore.ansi.org/Home/Index.

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.0110-1-2011 - Optics and Electro-Optical Instruments - Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Systems - Part 1: General (based entirely on ISO 10110-1 but modified to accommodate standard practice in the United States).

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.002-2017 - Optical Elements and Assemblies – Surface Imperfections

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.9211-4-2014 - Optics and Photonics - Optical Coatings - Part 4: Specific Test Methods

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.0110-5-2015 - Optics and photonics - Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Systems - Part 5: Surface Form Tolerances

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.0110-8-2014 - Optics And Photonics - Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Systems - Part 8: Surface Texture; Roughness and Waviness

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.0110-9-2015 - Optics and Electro-Optical Instruments - Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Systems - Part 9: Surface treatment and coating (based entirely on ISO 10110-9, with some modifications to accommodate standard practice in the United States).

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.0110-10-2014 - Optics and Electro-Optical Instruments - Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Systems - Part 10: Table representing data of optical elements and cemented assemblies (based entirely on ISO 10110-9, with some modifications to accommodate standard practice in the United States).

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP1.0110-12-2014 - Optics and Electro-Optical Instruments - Preparation of Drawings for Optical Elements and Systems - Part 12: Aspheric Surfaces (based entirely on ISO 10110-12, with the addition of a notation to allow the specification of Forbes aspheres, commonly called Qcon and Qbfs).

  • ANSI/OEOSC OP3.001-2001 (R 2008) - American National Standard for Optics and Electro-Optical Instruments – Optical Glass.

Military Spec. Standards and Handbooks
Civilian Standards
ISO Standards
Ansi Standards
bottom of page