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Precision Glass Molding/Moulding (PGM)

Evaluation of mold materials for precision glass molding by Marcel FriedrichsTim Grunwald and Thomas Bergs. Proc. SPIE Vol. 11171, Sixth European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing, 111710B (28 June 2019), Teisnach, Germany. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2526769

 

Research of forming characteristic of precision glass molding by Zhibin WangJunqi LiHui Qin, Yunlong Zhang, Feng Zhang and Ying Su.

Proc. SPIE Volume 9683, 8th International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; 96831G (2016). Event: Eighth International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technology (AOMATT2016), 2016, Suzhou, China.

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2243808

 

Field Guide to Molded Optics (2016) by Alan Symmons and Michael Schaub.

PDF ISBN: 9781510601253, Print ISBN: 9781510601246. Volume: FG37. Published by SPIE Digital Library. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/3.2230581 

 

Precision glass molding: Toward an optimal fabrication of optical lenses by Liangchi Zhang and Weidong LIU. Front. Mech. Eng. DOI 10.1007/s11465-017-0408-3. Published with open access at link.springer.com and journal.hep.com.cn 2. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/ licenses/by/4.0/).

Websitehttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/312120197_Precision_glass_molding_Toward_an_optimal_fabrication_of_optical_lenses

Study on nonisothermal glass molding press for aspherical lens by Tianfeng Zhou, Jiwang Yan, Nobuhiro Yoshihara and Tsunemoto Kuriyagawa. Department of Nanomechanics, Tokyo University. Published in Journal of Advanced Mechanical Design, Systems and Manufacturing – Vol. 4, No. 5 2010.  Copyright © 2010 by JSME.

Website: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/258401592_Study_on_Nonisothermal_Glass_Molding_Press_for_Aspherical_Lens or http://www.yan.mech.keio.ac.jp/wp-site/wp-content/uploads/6Study-on-Nonisothermal-Glass-Molding-Press-for-Aspherical-Lens.pdf   

      

Optimized Design of Optical Surface of the Mold in Precision Glass Molding Using the Deviation Approach by Puneet Mahajan, Tarkes Dora P., T. S. Sandeep and Vinayak M. Trigune. International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics, Volume 16, 2015 - Issue 1, Pages 53-64. Accepted author version posted online: 17 Nov 2014, Published online: 18 Feb 2015. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1080/15502287.2014.976677     

 

Aspheric glass lens modeling and machining by R. B. Johnson and M. Mandina, Physics, Engineering.  Proc. SPIE Vol. 5874, Current Developments in Lens Design and Optical Engineering VI; 58740B (26 August 2005). Event: Optics and Photonics 2005, San Diego, California, United States. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.619382

 

Transferability of glass lens molding by M. Katsuki. International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies (AOMATT) 2006. Proc. SPIE Vol. 6149. Event: 2nd International Symposium on Advanced Optical Manufacturing and Testing Technologies 2005, Xian, China: Advanced Optical Manufacturing Technologies; 61490M (9 June 2006). 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.674209

Glass molding of 3mm diameter aspheric plano-convex lens by Hayeong SungMyung sang HueGil-jae LeeGeun-man RyuDongguk Kim and Suncheol Yang, Engineering, Materials Science Optifab 2017. Proc. SPIE Vol. 10448 Optifab 2017. Event: SPIE Optifab (16. October 2017), Rochester, New York, United States.

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2279785

Non-isothermal molding technology research of ultra-precision glass lens by Hongbin ZangJiaxin YuYingyue Zhou and Bo Tao.  Proc. SPIE Vol. 9295 (18 December 2014). International Symposium on Optoelectronic Technology and Application 2014: Laser Materials Processing; and Micro/Nano Technologies, 929517 (18 December 2014). 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2073136

 

Design for manufacturability and optical performance trade-offs using precision glass molded aspheric lenses (2016) by Alan Symmons, Jeremy Huddleston and Dennis Knowles. Proc. SPIE Vol. 9949, Polymer Optics and Molded Glass Optics: Design, Fabrication, and Materials 2016; 994909 (2016). Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2016, San Diego, California, United States. Copyright © Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2238111

 

Computational Modeling of Precision Molding of Aspheric Glass Optics  (12, 2018) by Balajee Ananthasayanam, Clemson University. A Dissertation Presented to the Graduate School of Clemson University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Doctor of Philosophy Mechanical Engineering by Balajee Ananthasayanam December 2008.  

Website: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1326&context=all_dissertations


Precision glass molding of infrared optics with anti-reflective microstructures (20 August 2020) by C. Rojacher, A. T. Vu, T. Grunwald and T. Bergs.

Proc. SPIE Vol. 11487, Optical Manufacturing and Testing XIII; 114870Z (2020). Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2020, Online Only. Copyright © Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2570519

 

Design Considerations and Manufacturing Limitations of Insert Precision Glass Molding (IPGM) by Alan Symmons and Bryan Auz, LightPath Technologies, Inc., 2603 Challenger Tech Ct, Ste 100, Orlando, FL, USA 32826.

Polymer Optics and Molded Glass Optics: Design, Fabrication, and Materials II, edited by David H. Krevor, William S. Beich, Michael P. Schaub and Stefan M. Bäumer, Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8489, 84890H. Copyright © 2012 SPIE · CCC code: 0277-786/12/$18 doi: 10.1117/12.932253 Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8489 84890H-1. 

Websitehttps://www.lightpath.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Design-Considerations-and-Manufacturing-Limitations-of-Insert-Precision-Glass-Molding-IPGM-2012-SPIE.pdf

 

Evaluation of mold materials for precision glass molding by Marcel Friedrichs, Tim Grunwald and Thomas Bergs. Proc. SPIE Vol. 11171, Sixth European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing; 111710B (20 June 2019). Event: Sixth European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing, 2019, Teisnach, Germany. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2526769

 

Process evaluation and optimization for freeform precision glass molding by Dustin Gurganus, Spencer Novak, Alan Symmons and Matthew A. Davies. Proc. SPIE Vol. 11487, Optical Manufacturing and Testing XIII; 1148710 (20 August 2020). Event: SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 2020, Online Only. Copyright © (2020) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2568958

 

Predictive Molding of Precision Glass Optics by Shriram Palanthandalam and Nam-Ho Kim - University of Florida, Gainesville, Fl-32611. Yazid Tohme - Moore Nanotechnology Systems, Keene, NH-03431. Copyright © 2008 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: (220.4610) Optical Design and Fabrication. 

Website: https://mae.ufl.edu/nkim/Papers/conf51.pdf

 

MOLDED OPTICS: Precision molded glass challenges plastic optics (July 1st, 2011) by Alan Symmons (corporate engineering) and Ray Pini (LightPath Technologies Inc., Orlando, FL.). Reprinted with revisions to format, from the July 2011 edition of LASER FOCUS WORLD. Copyright © 2011 by PennWell Corporation. 

Website: https://www.lightpath.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Precision-molded-glass-challenges-plastic-optics.pdf


Review on Fabrication Technologies for Optical Mold Inserts by Marcel Roeder (Hahn-Schickard and Institute for Micro Integration (IFM), University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 9b, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany), Thomas Guenther (Institute for Micro Integration (IFM), University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 9 b, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany) and André Zimmermann (Hahn-Schickard and Institute for Micro Integration (IFM), University of Stuttgart, Allmandring 9b, 70569 Stuttgart, Germany). Published: 3 April 2019. Copyright © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/). 

Download Link: Click Here

Molded Optics: Design and Manufacture by Michael Schaub, Jim Schwiegerling, Eric Fest, R. Hamilton Shepard, and Alan Symmons. Routledge, Taylor & Francis eBooks or Amazon.com, Inc.‎ Contributor: Safari, an O'Reilly Media Company. Publisher: CRC Press (eBook published: 19 April 2016). ISBN 9780367576974 (Published June 29, 2020 by CRC Press), eBook ISBN 9780429192074. 

Website: https://www.routledge.com/Molded-Optics-Design-and-Manufacture/Schaub-Schwiegerling-Fest-Shepard-Symmons/p/book/9780367576974 or  https://doi.org/10.1201/b10863 or https://www.amazon.com/s?k=9781439832585&i=stripbooks&linkCode=qs

 

Resent Developments in Precision Glass Molding by Jayson J. Nelson. OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper OWD6. Optical Fabrication and Testing 2010, Jackson Hole, Wyoming United States 13–17 June 2010. ISBN: 978-1-55752-893-3 from the session Grinding/Cutting/Molding (OWD). Copyright © 2010 OSA, SPIE. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1364/OFT.2010.OWD6

 

PtIr protective coating system for precision glass molding tools: design, evaluation and mechanism of degradation by Marcel Friedrichs (Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT), Zirong Peng (Max-Planck-Institute), Tim Grunwald (Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT), Michael Rohwerder (Max-Planck-Institute), Baptiste Gault (Max-Planck-Institute, Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT) and Thomas Bergs (Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT).

Website: https://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1910/1910.04497.pdf

 

Photonics Products: Molded Optics: Precision glass molding boosts gamut of optics - Glass molding produces precision components for lower cost at high quantities, and allows unusual shapes and functions (May 10th, 2017) by John Wallace. Published by Laser Focus World. 

Website https://www.laserfocusworld.com/optics/article/16548270/photonics-products-molded-optics-precision-glass-molding-boosts-gamut-of-optics


Prediction of Profile Deviation during Glass Molding of Double-Aspheric Lens (Research Article) by Zhu Kejun (College of Mechanical and Energy Engineering and Key Laboratory of Hunan Province for Efficient Power System and Intelligent Manufacturing, Shaoyang University, Hunan, 422000, China), Shi Sheng (College of Mechanical and Energy Engineering and Key Laboratory of Hunan Province for Efficient Power System and Intelligent Manufacturing, Shaoyang University, Hunan, 422000, China), Chen Zhigang (College of Mechanical and Energy Engineering and Key Laboratory of Hunan Province for Efficient Power System and Intelligent Manufacturing, Shaoyang University, Hunan, 422000, China), Liu Zhihui (College of Mechanical and Energy Engineering and Key Laboratory of Hunan Province for Efficient Power System and Intelligent Manufacturing, Shaoyang University, Hunan, 422000, China) and Zhang Yingying (College of Optical Sciences, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona 85719, US). Published by JOURNAL OF Engineering Science and Technology Review 13 (2) (2020) 50 – 56. Received 10 January 2020; Accepted 24 March 2020. The article is an Open Access and distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. 

Website: http://www.jestr.org/downloads/Volume13Issue2/fulltext81322020.pdf

 

Precision glass molding: cost efficient production of glass-optics with spectral range from 180nm ultraviolet to 13μm thermal infrared by Jan-Helge StaasmeyerHolger KreilkampOlaf Dambon and Fritz Klocke. Proc. SPIE Vol. 10009. Event: Third European Seminar on Precision Optics Manufacturing; 100090W (30 June 2016); Teisnach, Germany. 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2235475

 

Thermoforming mechanism of precision glass moulding by Weidong Liu and Liangchi Zhang. OSA Publishing, Applied Optics, volume 54 issue 22, pp. 6841-6849 (2015). Copyright © 2020. The Optical Society (OSA). 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1364/AO.54.006841

 

Quality improvement of collimating lens produced by precision glass molding according to performance evaluation by Yue Zhang, Guangpeng Yan, Zexiao Li and Fengzhou Fang. OSA Publishing Vol. 27 issue 4, pp. 5033-5047 (2019). 

Copyright © 2019 Optical Society of America (OSA) under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement.

Website: https://www.osapublishing.org/oe/fulltext.cfm?uri=oe-27-4-5033&id=404881

Thermoforming mechanism of precision glass moulding by Weidong Liu and L. C. Zhang, UNSW Sydney, Laboratory for Precision and Nano Processing Technologies, School of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, University of New South Wales, NSW 2052, Australia.  Published 29 June 2015. Applied Optics 54, No. 22: 6841-6849, DOI: 10.1364/AO.54.006841. Copyright © 2015 Optical Society of America (OSA).

Websitehttps://www.researchgate.net/publication/281778438_Thermoforming_mechanism_of_precision_glass_moulding

Precision molded-glass optics by Richard O. Maschmeyer, Chester A. Andrysick, Thomas W. Geyer, Helmuth E. Meissner, Charles J. Parker and L. Michael Sanford. Applied Optics, Vol. 22, Issue 16, pp. 2410-2412 (1983). Copyrights © 1983 Optical Society of America (OSA). 

Website: https://www.osapublishing.org/ao/abstract.cfm?uri=ao-22-16-2410

 

Influence of Glassy Carbon Surface Finishing on Its Wear Behavior during Precision Glass Moulding of Fused Silica by Tim Grunwald (Chair for Manufacturing Technology, Department of Forming, Tool Machine Laboratory (WZL) of RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany and  Department of Fine Machining and Optics, Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT, 52074 Aachen, Germany),  Dennis Patrick Wilhelm (Department of Fine Machining and Optics, Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT, 52074 Aachen), Olaf Dambon (Department of Fine Machining and Optics, Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT, 52074 Aachen) and Thomas Bergs (Chair for Manufacturing Technology, Department of Forming, Tool Machine Laboratory (WZL) of RWTH Aachen University, 52074 Aachen, Germany and  Department of Fine Machining and Optics, Fraunhofer Institute for Production Technology IPT, 52074 Aachen, Germany).

Materials (Basel). 2019 Mar; 12(5): 692. Published online 2019 Feb 26. Doi: 10.3390/ma12050692. PMCID: PMC6427297. PMID: 30813643.

Copyright © 2019 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).

This article provided by courtesy of Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI).

Website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6427297/

 

Precision Lens Molding of Glass: A Process Perspective by Jayson J. Nelson. Part of the Progress in Optical Science and Photonics book series (POSP, volume 8). Published by Springer Singapore. Print ISBN: 978-981-15-4237-4, Electronic ISBN: 978-981-15-4238-1. Part of: Springer Professional "Wirtschaft+Technik", Springer Professional "Technik". Copyright © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Springer is part of Springer Nature. 

Website: https://www.springer.com/gp/book/9789811542374 and https://link.springer.com/

 

Glass molding technology; Technical Digest (2 May 2005) by Hiroshi Murakoshi

Proc. SPIE Vol. 10315, Optifab 2005: Technical Digest; 103150D. Event: Optifab 2005, 2005, Rochester, NY, United States. Copyright © (2005) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). 

Website: https://doi.org/10.1117/12.605798
 

Modeling high-temperature glass molding process by coupling heat transfer and viscous deformation analysis by Jiwang Yana (Department of Nanomechanics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba 6-6-01, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan), Tianfeng Zhoua (Department of Nanomechanics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba 6-6-01, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan), Jun Masuda (Toshiba Machine Co., Ltd., 2068-3, Ooka, Numazu-shi, Shizuoka-ken 410-8510, Japan) and Tsunemoto Kuriyagawaa (Department of Nanomechanics, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Aoba 6-6-01, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8579, Japan). Precision Engineering 33 (2009) 150–159. Article history: Received 29 November 2007. Received in revised form 24 March 2008. Accepted 9 May 2008. Available online 5 July 2008. Copyright© 2008 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Website: http://www.yan.mech.keio.ac.jp/wp-site/wp-content/uploads/1Modeling-high-temperature-glass-molding-process-by-coupling-heat.pdf

A Review of the Precision Glass Molding of Chalcogenide Glass (ChG) for Infrared Optics by Tianfeng Zhou, Zhanchen Zhu, Xiaohua Liu, Zhiqiang Liang and Xibin Wang. Journal List, Micromachines (Basel). 2018 Jul; v. 9(7): 337. Published online 2018 Jul 2. doi: 10.3390/mi9070337. PMC6082271. Articles from Micromachines are provided here courtesy of Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI).

Website: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6082271/

Aspheres: Precision glass molded aspheric lenses: Design for manufacturing by Alan Symmons and Jeremy Huddleston. Apr 13th, 2016, LightPath Technologies Inc., Orlando, FL. Published by Laser focus world.

Website: https://www.laserfocusworld.com/optics/article/16547053/aspheres-precision-glass-molded-aspheric-lenses-design-for-manufacturing

Implications of Diamond-Turned vs. Diamond Ground Mold Fabrication Techniques on Precision-Molded Optics by Lou Mertus, Alan Symmons. LightPath Technologies, Inc., 2603 Challenger Tech Ct, Ste 100, Orlando, FL, USA 32826. Taken from: Proc.  Vol.  8489, SPIE Optical Engineering + Applications, 12-16 August 2012, Polymer Optics and Molded Glass Optics: Design, Fabrication, and Materials II. 

Editor(s): David H. Krevor, William S. Beich, Michael P. Schaub and Stefan M. Bäumer. Proc. of SPIE Vol. 8489, 848902 · Copyright © 2012 SPIE · CCC code: 0277-786/12/$18, doi: 10.1117/12.927771. 

The above article is taken from:  

Website: https://www.lightpath.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/11/Implications-of-Diamond-Turned-vs.-Diamond-Ground-Mold-Frabrication-Techniques-on-Precision-Molded-Optics-2012-SPIE-1.pdf or https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/conference-proceedings-of-spie/8489.toc or https://spie.org/Publications/Proceedings/Volume/8489?SSO=1


Review of small aspheric glass lens molding technologies by Shaohui YinHongpeng JiaGuanhua ZhangFengjun Chen (National Engineering Research Center for High Efficiency Grinding, Hunan University, Changsha, 410082, China) and Kejun Zhu (School of Mechanical Engineering, Xiangtan University, Xiangtan, 411105, China). Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering volume 12, pages 66–76 (2017). Published: 31 March 2017. Copyright © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Part of Springer Nature.

Website: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11465-017-0417-2 

Precision glass molding: Toward an optimal fabrication of optical lenses by Liangchi Zhang and Weidong Liu. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering 2017, 12(1): 3–17 DOI 10.1007/s11465-017-0408-3. Copyright © the Author(s) 2017 and Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Part of Springer Nature. This article is published with open access at link.springer.com and journal.hep.com.cn. 

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High-Efficiency and Ultra-precision Glass Molding of Aspherical Lens and Microstructures by Tianfeng Zhou, Jiwang Yan and Tsunemoto Kuriyagawa, Department of Mechanical Systems and Design, Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University Aoba 6-6-01, Aramaki, Aoba-ku, Sendai, 980-8579, Japan. Copyrights © the Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at link.springer.com and journal.hep.com.cn 20.

Website: http://www.jspe.or.jp/wp_e/wp-content/uploads/isupen/2012s/2012s-2-3.pdf

 

Recent advancements in optical microstructure fabrication through glass molding process by Tianfeng ZhouXiaohua LiuZhiqiang LiangYang LiuJiaqing Xie and Xibin Wang. Frontiers of Mechanical Engineering volume 12, pages 46–65 (2017). Key Laboratory of Fundamental Science for Advanced Machining, Jiaqing XIE School of Mechanical Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China. DOI 10.1007/s11465-017-0425-2. Received September 6, 2016; accepted December 11, 2016. Copyright © the Author(s) 2017. This article is published with open access at link.springer.com and journal.hep.com.cn 2017. 

Website: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11465-017-0425-2 

Identifying the Optimum Process Parameters of Precission Glass Molding for Aspherical Lenses (December 2019) by Waqas Iqbal, Clemson University. This Thesis Presented to the Graduate School of Clemson University in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Science Mechanical Engineering by Waqas Iqbal, December 2009. This Thesis is brought to you for free and open access by the Theses at TigerPrints. It has been accepted for inclusion in All Theses by an authorized administrator of TigerPrints.

Website: https://tigerprints.clemson.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1687&context=all_theses

 

Fabrication process and measurement of injection molding aspheric lens (7 March 2019) by Lingcheng Liu Jr.Xuemin Cheng and Qun Hao. Proc. SPIE Vol. 11053, Tenth International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation; 110533O (2019). Event: 10th International Symposium on Precision Engineering Measurements and Instrumentation (ISPEMI 2018), 2018, Kunming, China. Copyright © (2019) Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). 

Websitehttps://doi.org/10.1117/12.2512189

TIE-40 Optical glass for precision molding by Schott AG

Website: https://www.schott.com/d/advanced_optics/9705eb9e-1620-4be3-9738-c60f7eaa2559/1.0/schott-tie-40-optical-glass-for-precision-molding-september-2011-english.pdf

 

Optical Materials for Precision Molding by Schott AG

Websitehttps://www.schott.com/d/advanced_optics/c6153238-9a59-46ee-a920-3904565607eb/1.3/schott-optical-materials-for-precision-molding-january-2014-eng.pdf

Precision Glass Molding by Plant for Optics JSC0

Website: https://pfo-bg.com/precision-class-molding/

 

Precision Glass Moulding by Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 

Website: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Precision_glass_moulding

Precision Glass Molding/Moulding (PGM) - Live

 

Precision Glass Molding by Fisba (Oct 14, 2013)

Website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aXsnHIVJ8vg  

                      

Molded Infrared Optics Made from Chalcogenide Glass by Fisba (Mar 4, 2015)

Website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tf53cMX7TAg  

                      

Precision Lens Molding of Chalcogenide Optics by Jayson Nelson, Edmund Optics (May 5, 2015)

Website: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_As4v4KXLjQ

Precision Molded Borosilicate Glass (Mar 7, 2012). Uploaded by Moore Nanotechnology.

Websitehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tfj63CctKj4

Precision glass moulding by Ingeneric (May 28, 2009)

Websitehttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tUZoJ4wleU4&t=2s

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